Nepal Travel Information


Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of biodiversity due to its unique geographical position and altitudinal variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 m above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 m, all within a distance of 150 km resulting into climatic conditions from sub-tropical to Arctic.

Nepal occupying only 0.1% of the total landmass of the earth is home to:

    • » 2% of all the flowering plants in the world
    • » 8% of the world’s population of birds (more than 848 species)
    • » 4% of mammals on earth


  • » 11 of the world’s 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species)
  • » 600 indigenous plant families
  • » 319 species of exotic orchids

Area: 147,181 sq. km

Location: Situated between China in the north and India in the south, east and west

Capital: Kathmandu

Population: 25.8 million

People: Nepal has more than 101 ethnic groups and 92 spoken languages.

Language: Nepali is the national language; travel-trade people understand and speak English as well.

Religion: Nepal is secular state with a pre-dominance of Hindu and Buddhist population.

Currency: Nepali Rupee.

Political System: Federal Democratic Republic.

Climate: Nepal has four major seasons 1. Winter: December – February, 2. Spring: March – May, 3. Summer: June – August, 4. Autumn September – November. Monsoons are from June till mid September. Nepal can be visited the whole year round.

Place        Summer
(May, June July)
(Dec, Jan, Feb)
Min Celsius Min Celsius Rain (mm) Max Celsius Max Celsius Rain (mm)
Kathmandu 28.1 19.5 312.9 19.3 3.0 15.4
Pokhara 29.7 21.3 829.7 20.3 7.7 26.3
Chitwan 33.0 25.3 404.0 24.1 8.3 13.8


What to Wear: Light weight clothing is recommended from May through October. Warm garments are required in October – March. An umbrella or a raincoat is a must for the rainy season.

Entry Procedures

  • Tourist  Visa:
Visa Facility Duration Fee
Multiple entry 15 days US$ 25 or equivalent convertible currency
Multiple entry 30 days US$ 40 or equivalent convertible currency
Multiple entry 90 days US$ 100 or equivalent convertible currency


  • Gratis (Free) Visa

Gratis visa for 30 days is available only for nationals of South Asian countries like Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. However, Indian nationals do not require visa to enter into Nepal.


For obtaining visa or for renewing visa one passport size photo is necessary.


For Indian Nationals:

Indian National travelling to Nepal must posses any one of the following documents:

  • Passport
  • Driving license with photo
  • Photo Identity card issued by a Government Agency.
  • Ration card with Photo.
  • Election commission Card with photo.
  • Identity Card issued by the Embassy of India in Kathmandu
  • Identity card with photo issued by sub-divisional magistrate or any other officials above this rank.


Access to Nepal
By Air:
Nepal Airlines is the national flag carrier of Nepal with flights to and from Delhi, Dubai, Doha, Bangkok, Hong Kong and Kuala Lumpur. Other international airlines operating from and to Kathmandu are Air Arabia (Sharjah), Air China (Lhasa), Arkefly (Amsterdam), Bahrain Air (Bahrain), Biman Bangladesh (Dhaka), Buddha Air (Paro), China Eatern Airlines (Kunming), China Southern Airlines (Guanzhou), Dragon Air (Hong Kong), Druk Air (Delhi, Paro), Ethihad Airways (Abu Dhabi), Flydubai (Dubai), GMG Airlines (Dhaka), Gulf Air (Bahrain), Indian Airlines (Delhi, Kolkotta, Varanasi), Jet Airways (Delhi), Jet Lite (Delhi), Kingfisher Airlines (Delhi), Korean Air (Seoul), Oman Air (Muscat), Pakistan International Airlines (Karachi, Islamabad), Qatar Airways (Doha), Silk Air (Singapore), Thai Airways (Bangkok) and United Airways (Dhaka).

By Land:
All visitiors coming to Nepal by land must enter only through one of these entry points (1) Kakarbhitta (2) Birgunj (3)Belhiya, Bhairahawa (4) Nepalgunj (5) Dhangadi and (6) Mahendranagar in the Nepal – India border and (7) Kodari in the Nepal – China border. The overland tourists entering the country with their vehicles must possess an international carnet or complete customs formalities.


Approx. Distance (border towns to major cities)

Nearest Railway
Station in India


620 kms

New Jalpaiguri (NJP)


550 kms



280 kms



280 kms



520 kms



630 kms



715 kms



185 kms



145 kms



26 kms



Foreign Exchange
Foreign currencies must be exchanged only through the banks or authorized foreign exchange dealers. The receipts from such transaction are to be obtained and retained. Visitors can exchange money at the foreign exchange counter at the airport upon arrival also. Indian currency Rs.500/- and Rs 1,000/- notes are not allowed to be brought into Nepal, will not be exchanged and will not be acce3pted for transaction of any kind.

Customs Formalities
All baggage must be declared and cleared through the customs on arrival at the entry. Personal effects are permitted free entry. A tourist may bring in dutiable goods. Such as tobacco and liquors, within the prescribed quantity free of duty. Carrying narcotics, arms and ammunition are strictly prohibited (Tel: 4470110/4472266). Visitors can export souvenirs to their respective countries. The expert of antiques, however, requires special permission from the department of Archaeology, national Archive Building, Ram shah Path, Kathmandu (Tel: 4250686/7).

Domestic Airlines
There are more than 18 airlines companies provide regular and charter services to popular domestic destinations.  Many domestic airlines operate early morning, one hour mountain flights round the year. Major domestic airlines are:  Budha Air, Yeti Ailrines, Agni Air, Guna Airlines, Sita Air, Nepal Airlines and Helicopter companies are: Fishtail, Dyanasty Air, Simrik Air etc.

Metered taxies are easily recognizable by the taxi sign and black number plates and can be hailed off the street. Micro buses and battery-run EV tempos cheaper than taxis are also available. No tip is expected. There are regular bus services within the three cities of the Kathmandu valley operating from old bus terminal Rantna Park. Similarly scheduled bus services for outside the valley operate from the Gongabu Bus terminal. It is also possible to hire mountain or motor bikes at normal rates.

Nepal has every category of accommodation facility, ranging form international standard star hotels and resorts to budget lodges. To ensure safety and quality service, it is advisable to use the services of Government registered hotels, lodges, travel agencies, licensed tour guides and hire only authorized trekking guided or porters.

There are UNESCO Word Heritages Sites in Nepal. Two are in cultural category and two in natural category. World Cultural Heritage Sites of Nepal are: Lumbini, the birth place of Lord Buddha, and seven monuments of Kathmandu valley within a radius of 20 Km (together counted as one Heritage Site). The World Natural Heritage Sites are Chitwan and Sagarmatha National Parks. Kathmandu valley World Heritage Site comprises of three historical places – Kathmandu, Pashupatinath and Changu Narayan. Nepal offers incomparable scope to connoisseurs of art and culture to see and study different aspects of fine arts in its paintings, sculpture, wood carving and architecture.

Mt. Everest – Highest Peak on Earth
Kumari – The Living Goddess
Lumbini– Birthplace of Lord Buddha

Few destination in the world can match Nepal in the variety of world-class experience – be it mountaineering, trekking, mountain biking, natural tours, culture tours, pilgrim tours, white-water-rafting, canyoning  (cascading), kayaking, canoeing, mountain flights, pony trekking, jungle safaris, bird watching, fishing/ angling. Paragliding, ultra-light aircraft ride, bungee jumping; we have it all. Special interest tours like orchid tours, culture trek, honey hunting, Village tours, fossil hunting, meditation courses, Shamanism-Panimism tour, cave tours, snow leopard and blue sheep trek and other kinds of tours are carried out for selected groups throughout the year. For organizing your tours, please contact Mac Tours and Travels (P) Ltd.